What was your hypothesis?
San Lorenzo Park creates rich experiences. Richness of experience will correlate to use type and frequency.
What indicator did you measure?
We looked for correlations in the survey responses between frequency of use and use type and what we considered "rich responses" in our survey responses, indicated by level of detail and intimacy in the memories respondents shared. i.e. responses that listed specific and/or personal details were considered rich responses. We also asked participants to rank the level of meaningfulness in their memories.
How did you measure it?
Parkpothesis engaged in surveying, interviews and observation in two locations at San Lorenzo Park and within Downtown Santa Cruz. We collected a total of 63 surveys.
What did you learn?
Parkpothesis took one average sunny afternoon in San Lorenzo park and created a pilot evaluation project with the intention of engaging the public in ethnographic forms of research, to observe public life in San Lorenzo park and to determine that San Lorenzo Park creates rich experiences for people. Parkpothesis members are interested in public spaces. We understand that public space impacts sense of place in communities.
We found that richness of experience correlates to frequency of use and diversity of activity, but found no correlation between types of uses and richness of experiences. Frequency of use and diversity of activity in the park correlated positively with richness of experience.
- Just over half used the park in more than one way.
- 21 of the surveys contained what we defined as "rich experiences."
- though this wasn't primarily what we were measuring, of the rich experiences, 43% were negative.
-of the surveys that noted rich experiences, 81% listed more than one activity. In contrast only 58% of the non-rich experience surveys listed more than one activity.
- Of the 60% of surveys that did indicate doing more than one activity, 49% contained rich experience memories, while only 16% of the surveys that only indicated doing one activity described rich experiences.
- 60% of the people who described rich experiences used the park daily or multiple times per week
-20% of respondents did not list any type of meaningful experience there (left that question blank)
Trends in feedback:
-positives memories tended to revolve around specific events, feeding the homeless/befriending the homeless, spending time or playing with children or family member, nature/wildlife, and relaxation, drug use, convenience
- negative memories revolved around presence of homeless (perceived as dirty), crime, lack of safety, sanitation/bathrooms, inadequate services for the homeless.
Unsolicited suggestions for the park that came up:
-bathroom near toddler area
-more rangers at night/morning
Reflections on the research process-even though we do believe we found some correlations, we believe our results are not very reliable because of the following flaws in our process and survey:
-In depth narrative responses are best when people have time and privacy; not when passing by in a transit zone. It takes time to develop a sense of safety when engaging in ethnographic research. The notion of "being there" when observing behavior and social perceptions also requires "being with".i.e. we may have gotten more "rich" experiences if we had given people more private time as well as more scaffolding to write their responses.
-This process exposed the flaws in relying on self reporting. When using self-reporting, make sure any category or behavior with which you ask people to identify themselves us very clearly-defined and not open to interpretation or based on people's flawed memories (for example respondents may not have interpreted terms like "play" or "recreation" the same way). We learned that terms are subjective unless clearly detailed in the surveys and semantics are important to pay attention.
- Also the reported richness of the experiences may have related more to factors like amount of time respondents had in the moment or their general willingness to share, rather than the types of activities in the park that prompted the experiences.